According to the results of 10 months of 2022, the production of champignons in our country increased by 16% year-on-year
Good pace. In general, the mushroom industry has been showing impressive growth for several years in a row, several times ahead of the global average. Champignons dominate the market, their producers set a fast rhythm. Kursk Mushroom Rainbow, which grows every fifth mushroom in the country, has also significantly increased the supply of mushrooms to the market over the past months.
The agro-enterprise of Alexander Udodov and Oleg Logvinov was built “from scratch” near Kursk
The arithmetic of success
From January to October, agricultural farms grew more than 110 thousand tons of champignons. The average monthly yield exceeded 11 thousand tons, which is 1.5 thousand tons more than a year earlier. So it was calculated in the publication “School of Mushroom Growing”, which closely monitors what is happening in the mushroom market. At the end of the year, the industry is waiting for new records, and skeptics who said that its growth potential has been exhausted should be retrained into optimists. Champignons dominate the market, they account for more than 90%. They are grown by Alexander Udodov and Oleg Logvinov’s Mushroom Rainbow and other large greenhouse complexes. Oyster mushrooms are in second place, but they are harvested much less, and the yield is unstable. The peak was reached in 2019, when agricultural farms grew more than 6,300 tons, followed by a decline of two years. By the end of this year, approximately 6,500 tons are expected. Exotic mushrooms are present on the market in a good assortment. These are shiitake, eringi, flammulin, folitota, recently harvested the first harvest of golden enoki. Nevertheless, exotics are a niche product, although production is growing rapidly. According to SHG forecasts, 600 tons of exotic mushrooms will be harvested this year.
Since the launch, the company has increased the supply of champignons to the market eight times
There are several reasons for the rapid conquest of the market by champignons: attractive price, nutritional properties and culinary advantages. Experts would add health benefits here, but few consumers are aware of this yet. The price, as usual, is the most important thing. Judging by Moscow stores, the prices for fresh champignons in 2020 and 2021 decreased from 310 to 250 rubles/kg. This is essential. This year, the prices of champignons in the capital’s supermarkets have increased by about 12%, which is less than for meat and cereals. The reason for such a friendly pricing policy towards customers is the high competition in the mushroom market. Recently, the number of mushroom farms has more than halved. Small companies can’t stand the competition and leave the market. But major players, such as the company of Alexander Udodov and Oleg Logvinov, are increasing production volumes.
Champignons are good for cooking a variety of dishes both at home and in the catering segment. They can be boiled, fried, baked, pickled, grilled or eaten raw, for example in salads. It will be varied in taste, but at the same time healthy food. From the point of view of benefits for the body, champignons are considered one of the best mushrooms. It is a dietary product that includes proteins, all essential amino acids, fiber (chitin), unsaturated fatty acids, trace elements, vitamins of groups B, C, D, nicotinic and folic acids, calcium, phosphorus, potassium, iron.
So fresh champignons are the healthiest superfood. Unfortunately, little is known about this in our country, and in some countries recommendations for a healthy lifestyle include 100 g of cultivated mushrooms in the daily diet.
Champignons a la rus
The mushroom world is diverse and vast. There are signs of the plant and animal worlds in mushrooms, but this is a separate natural kingdom. Scientists do not know the exact number of their species, according to various sources — from one hundred thousand to one and a half million, several thousand of them are edible. But there are only twenty cultivated (who have learned to grow artificially) mushrooms so far.
According to the volume of world production, double-leaf champignon is out of competition, which is quite rare in the wild, but grows in large groups. It was this mushroom that won the competition for cultivation, it is best sold all over the world and brings good income to agricultural farms.
The No. 1 producer of champignons in our country is the Kursk company “Mushroom Rainbow”.
It is believed that champignons began to be cultivated in France, although the Italians categorically disagree with this and prove that the palm in this case belongs to their country.
Anyway, the cultivation of champignons was documented in the middle of the XVII century in quarries near Paris. From France, the new product spread across Europe, in Russia it began to be grown from the middle of the XVIII century. It is curious that the word “champignon”, which has taken root in our language, is borrowed from French, where it simply means “mushroom”.
In the XIX and early XX century, Russian agrarians achieved serious success in champignonage. Their inventions and inventions have been awarded with awards at international exhibitions. One of the pioneers of mushroom cultivation, Yefim Grachev, a native of the peasants, emphasized that the main thing in growing champignons is the preparation of the right soils. This is still relevant today. It was with the launch of their own compost production that Hoopoes and Logvins began their mushroom project. On the eve of the First World War, hundreds of mushroom greenhouses worked in Russia, mushrooms were delivered to the market fresh, pickled and even began to be canned.
High-quality compost is necessary for growing delicious and healthy champignons
In modern Russia, the mushroom market has been living on imports for a long time, nine out of ten champignons were imported from abroad, mainly from Poland.
The situation began to change after 2014, when the way to Russia was closed for mushroom products from a number of countries. Mushroom import substitution began, investments went into the industry, large greenhouse complexes for growing champignons were built.
In June 2017, the first batches of its products were put on the market by “Mushroom Rainbow” by Alexander Udodov and Oleg Logvinov. By the beginning of this year, the company had increased its production capacity eight times and created fifteen hundred jobs. The volume of investments exceeded 10 billion rubles. The mushroom market is equal to the leader. Over the past three years, mushroom farms have been increasing the yield of champignons by 18-20% annually. The mushroom market with a share of more than 90% is dominated by domestic products, export deliveries to neighboring countries have begun. This year there will be a significant increase in the collection of champignons again. In the perspective of several years, the mushroom market definitely has room to grow. This is a healthy competitive market on the rise.
A source: https://www.agroinvestor.ru