Scientists are developing mechanisms for measuring and controlling these parameters using artificial intelligence.
Scientists at Penza State University (PSU) have developed a system for greenhouses that automatically changes the spectrum and intensity of light depending on the phase of plant growth. This was reported to TASS by Vasily Ashanin, Professor, Head of the Department of Power Engineering and Electrical Engineering at PSU.
“We have created a system that automatically changes the lighting parameters depending on the growth phase of the plant. The systems that exist today allow you to change the temperature, humidity, irrigation regime, but it is known that in each period of development the plant needs a certain spectrum and intensity of light. They are different during the growth period and during the growing season,” the source said.
The system of sensors measures the growth parameters of plants, their fruits, and uses them to evaluate what spectrum and intensity of radiation is needed at the moment. “The introduction of this system will automatically solve issues with how much water, heat, light is needed for plant growth,” Ashanin added.
According to him, scientists are currently developing mechanisms for measuring and controlling these parameters using artificial intelligence. This project was supported by a grant from the Umnik program in 2022. “This is another step to make the system of growing plants in artificial greenhouses completely independent of humans,” the source said.