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Study on the consumption of stained tomatoes in Uganda

Tomatoes are consumed daily. Unfortunately, abuse of pesticide application by vegetable growers in Uganda increases risks of exposing consumers through the pesticide residues, as it may be above the European Union Maximum Residue Limits (used as a standard in Uganda). This study aimed to determine consumer attitudes and risk perception towards pesticides stained tomatoes available on the Ugandan local markets.

A cross-sectional study sampled 468 household consumers in four districts one from each region of Uganda. In each district, 60 household members from three randomly selected Sub Counties were interviewed. In addition, in each district 9 tomato handlers (3 tomato farmers, 3 tomato retailers and 3 tomato wholesalers) participated in Focus Group Discussion (FGDs) per district. Collected data was entered into MS-Excel 13 and exported into STATA SE 14.0 for cleaning and analysis under 5% level of significance and 95% Confidence Intervals (CI). Proportion of risk perceptions and attitudes were computed and presented as percentages while factors associated with risk perception determined using Fisher exact test. Qualitative data was analyzed using deductive and inductive approaches under thematic content analysis.

More than half, 54.2% (253/468) of the respondents were females, mean age was 37 years (SD=13.13, ranging from 18 to 88 years). Half, 50.9% (238/467) were farmers by occupation and 40.3% (188/468) had completed upper primary education. Only 5.0% (20/396) of consumers reported a high risk perception towards tomatoes stained with pesticide residues, the rest, 95.0% (376/396) were buying pesticide stained tomatoes despite their awareness about the possible health effects.

The main reason for buying the pesticides stained tomatoes was that: majority, 59.0% (230/390) lacked an alternative to stained tomatoes. However, consumers generally had a negative attitude towards pesticides stained tomatoes, with 67.0% (313/468) of the consumers disagreeing with a statement that tomatoes sold on the market are safe. Consumer risk perception was significantly associated with consumer awareness about residues in the tomatoes; where the proportion of consumers who were aware of the risk of pesticide stained tomatoes were 42.8 times more likely not to buy stained tomatoes compared to the proportion of those who were not aware. OR, 42.8 (95% CI: 10.76-170.28). However, level of education P(0.975), gender P(0.581) and age-group P(0.680) were not associated with consumer risk perception after Fisher-Exact test analysis (95% CI and 5% level of significance).

Consumer risk perception on pesticides stained tomatoes among Ugandan consumers ranked low with majority of consumers buying tomatoes stained with pesticide residues due to lack of an alternative, except for a few who had a high risk perception about the pesticide health effects.

Read the complete research at

Sekabojja, Daniel & Nabankema, Victoria & Sekimpi, Deogratias & Jørs, Erik. (2021). Consumer risk perception towards pesticides stained tomatoes in Uganda.. 10.1101/2021.02.15.431249.

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Israel announces creation of global seed company

Two Israeli seed producers, Nirit Seeds and TomaTech, have joined forces to create Israel’s largest vegetable seed company. This synergy will enable unique seed breeding research and development that will accelerate the company’s growth in the international seed markets.

Upon completion of the merger, the company will have more than 80 employees worldwide, including molecular biologists, breeders, agronomists, and others.
The company will improve its breeding activities in Israel, Spain, Mexico and Italy, as well as significantly expand its representation in the Netherlands and North America, with a particular focus on growing vegetables in high-tech greenhouses.

Nirit Seeds is one of the most successful internationally traded tomato and pepper seed producers, investing in the development of revolutionary genetic technologies. TomaTech is one of the leading tomato seed companies in Israel, developing premium varieties, including those resistant to the dangerous Tomato Brown Ruffle Virus (ToBRFV).

The production of crop seeds is one of the most advanced and high-tech sectors in Israel. According to the Seed Department of the Federation of Israel Chambers of Commerce, seed exports currently generate $200 million in annual revenue. There are about 25 large and medium-sized companies in the local industry.

For reference. According to market research, the global vegetable seed industry is valued at $8 billion a year and is growing at a CAGR of 8%.

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Karachay-Cherkessia became one of the leaders in the production of greenhouse vegetables at the end of 2021


Greenhouse vegetable production in 2021 reached a record 1.4 million tonnes. According to the Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation, the leaders among the regions in this segment are the Karachay-Cherkess Republic, Lipetsk, Moscow, Kaluga, Volgograd, Novosibirsk, Saratov, Chelyabinsk regions, Krasnodar and Stavropol Territories, the Republics of Bashkortostan and Tatarstan. These regions account for more than 60% of the total production in the country. The intensive development of greenhouse projects in our country helps to provide Russians with fresh vegetables all year round. Last year, the harvest in winter greenhouses updated the 2020 record – more than 1.4 million tons of products were received. Including the production of cucumbers amounted to at least 830 thousand tons, and tomatoes – 590 thousand tons. It is expected that by 2025 the volume of vegetable production in year-round greenhouses will be at least 1.6 million tons of vegetables.


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December: Special Year Overview

In 2022, it will be 22 year since the new millennium started. Can’t believe it? Neither can we, but it is true. Before we go there, it is time to reflect on what has happened this year. Over the next couple of weeks, we will look back at 2021 and we will highlight the most important events that impacted the industry.

New greenhouses, events, even a few shows, technical novelties, and all other relevant news will pass by, offering you something other than Covid to talk about during Christmas and New Years’.


Wish your customers Happy Holidays
This special also offers an opportunity to put your company in the spotlight with a banner in this special box. This banner can be booked until December 24 on our newsletters. For more information, feel free to send an email to: 

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