The country’s first large-scale Juncao microbial agricultural production system landed in Nanping, helping rural revitalization
The new ecology of “Juncao Homeland”
Fujian Daily reporter Liu Jianwen Liu Yiqing Wu Xutao Trainee reporter Yao Yuxin Correspondent Zhan Guobing
The report of the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China puts forward: comprehensively promote rural revitalization. Adhere to the priority development of agriculture and rural areas, adhere to the integrated development of urban and rural areas, and smooth the flow of urban and rural factors. Accelerate the construction of a strong agricultural country, and solidly promote the revitalization of rural industries, talents, culture, ecology, and organizations.
Fish are kept in giant “cans”, flocks of chickens, ducks, cows, and sheep sleep on “sofa beds” (fermentation beds), and so many poultry and livestock are raised in greenhouses, but there is almost no smell…
Recently, the “Juncao Homeland” circular economy demonstration base in Daheng Town, Yanping District, Nanping City was officially launched, and there was an endless stream of people who came to exchange and study. This “Juncao Homeland” is the first large-scale Juncao microbial agricultural production system in the country.
Juncao technology started from Fujian and has taken root in more than 100 countries and regions, becoming a “happiness grass” for poverty alleviation and prosperity. Fujian can be described as the hometown of fungi in the world. “Happy Grass” benefits the world, how can it help the high-quality development of agriculture in my hometown? Today, Juncao Technology has returned to Fujian to help the rural revitalization of our province in the form of an industrial complex with the concept of green, low-carbon, and ecological recycling.
The Secret to Green Loops
In people’s minds, Juncao technology is mainly used for growing mushrooms, windbreak and sand fixation. However, the country’s first large-scale Juncao microbial agricultural production system – “Juncao Homeland”, which was recently launched in Yanping District, Nanping City, is an eye-opener.
In this 20-acre photovoltaic greenhouse, there are intelligent cultivation areas for fruits and vegetables, high-density fish farming areas with microbial water materials, intelligent breeding areas for poultry and livestock, etc. Photovoltaics provide all the power requirements for the production process.
In the breeding area, chickens, ducks, cattle, and sheep move freely, but there is almost no odor.
“This is due to the fact that there are about 300 acres of giant fungus grass planted around. These giant fungus grasses provide feed, litter, substrate, fertilizer, probiotics, etc. for the comprehensive production system.” Chief Scientist of the National Bacteria Center of the Provincial Academy of Agricultural Sciences According to Dr. Liu Bo, the secret to not smelly breeding lies in the Juncao fermentation bed and probiotic water diversion system laid in the breeding area.
The odor of ordinary livestock and poultry farming mainly comes from manure, but here, a fungal fermentation bed is laid under the feet of the livestock, and the manure is decomposed by microorganisms within 24 hours, eliminating the odor from the source.
Not only that, but the mixed chickens and ducks are not sick. Juncao breeding shows great advantages of being green and healthy – a large number of probiotics produced on the fermentation bed can inhibit the pathogens of livestock and poultry and improve immunity against diseases. The breeding does not require antibiotics, allowing livestock and poultry to grow healthily here, which can greatly improve meat quality. class quality.
Green circulation is another highlight of the complex. Adjacent to the poultry breeding area, 40 canvas fish ponds with a diameter of 6 meters and shaped like “canned food” are neatly arranged in the “Juncao Home” microbial water feed high-density fish farming area.
“Fish farming, poultry raising, and tomato growing are in different areas, but it is a cycle centered on Juncao.” Liu Bo introduced this delicate cycle process to reporters: Juncao feed, bait and probiotics, etc. Let poultry and fish grow healthily; the bottom of the “can” for fish farming is equipped with a fish “toilet”. After the fish feces are collected in the “toilet”, it is transported to the fermenter for fermentation. After treatment, it can become the liquid for tomato substrate cultivation Bacterial fertilizer: After the manure of poultry and livestock is mixed and fermented with Juncao, high-quality bio-fertilizer is formed, which can feed back the cultivation of Juncao, fruits and vegetables.
Let Juncao better benefit hometown
The story of Juncao has a long history. In 1983, Lin Zhanxi, who was working in Fujian Agricultural College, began to use wild grasses such as Osmanthus fragrans in the mountains in western Fujian and northern Fujian to conduct research on “substituting grass for wood” to cultivate edible fungi. In October 1986, he succeeded and invented Juncao technology.
In 1997, Juncao technology was included in the Minning counterpart poverty alleviation cooperation project and became the “Minning Grass” for poverty alleviation and prosperity. Since then, Juncao technology has spread from Fujian to the whole country and the world, and has taken root in more than 100 countries and regions, training tens of thousands of international students. Today, Juncao technology has expanded from the initial mushroom planting to the provision of Juncao feed, wind and sand fixation, ecological management, biomass energy and fiber material development, etc.
Juncao technology has contributed to poverty alleviation and prosperity around the world, and is known as “Happy Grass”. Now that the concept and technology of Juncao are becoming more and more advanced, how can we return to Fujian, benefit our hometown, and use technology to help revitalize the countryside?
Give Juncao a “home” in Fujian!
In 2021, after many inspections and connections with the technology and enterprise teams led by Lin Zhanxi, the “Juncao Homeland” project landed in Bo’ai Village, Daheng Town, Yanping District, a provincial-level rural revitalization pilot village. The characteristics of flooding turn the idle low-lying land in the village into “treasure” and make full use of it.
“The Juncao Homeland Project is a low-carbon, green, and ecologically recyclable new agricultural model, which provides us with new ideas for consolidating the achievements of poverty alleviation and promoting rural revitalization,” said the main leader of the Yanping District Committee.
Juncao’s “homecoming” this time brings a whole industrial chain with higher technological content. The reporter saw that “Juncao Homeland” is equipped with intelligent greenhouses, spray cooling facilities, fan water curtain facilities, skylight ventilation equipment, and high-end Internet of Things intelligent control systems. The park is also equipped with Juncao product feed, bait, litter, substrate and other processing plants, as well as a comprehensive production system master control center. A self-circulating industrial chain realizes the local supply of planting and breeding resources.
“The report of the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China pointed out that the goal orientation should be strengthened, and the transformation and industrialization of scientific and technological achievements should be improved. The industrial chain of Juncao technology can give full play to the advantages of Juncao and microbial agriculture, and build a scientific and effective comprehensive cycle. “Liu Pingshan, chairman of Fujian Zhengyuan Juncao International Cooperation Co., Ltd., said that “Juncao Home” connects diversified application scenarios, transforms the complicated and difficult-to-control agricultural production into a standardized agricultural industrial system, and uses technology to help agricultural industrialization .
Pioneering Demonstration to Help Rural Revitalization
Ushering in the “Happy Grass”, Yanping District established the “National Juncao Pioneering Demonstration Zone for Rural Revitalization” in Daheng Town to explore a new green path for the high-quality development of the agricultural industry.
At present, Yanping is working closely with the Provincial Academy of Agricultural Sciences to build a comprehensive demonstration planting base in Juncao Town, which will drive farmers to carry out large-scale and efficient planting, and continue to extend the new type of tourism that replaces grain with grass, replaces wood with grass, and integrates water, fertilizer and bacteria. Agriculture and other Juncao industrial chains help enrich the people and strengthen the village.
Although he is nearly 80 years old, Lin Zhanxi, chief scientist of the National Juncao Engineering Technology Research Center, is always concerned about the exploration and development of “Juncao Homeland”. Technical staff.
Under the joint efforts of the government, scientists and enterprises, “Juncao Homeland” has shown a driving effect on rural revitalization.
“This Juncao microbial agricultural comprehensive production system jointly built by the National Juncao Engineering Technology Research Center and the Provincial Academy of Agricultural Sciences can save 50% of land, 60% of energy, 70% of labor, and 80% of water.” Liu Pingshan said .
Take “canned” fish farming as an example. “A ‘canned’ fish pond here is equivalent to the amount of fish raised in one mu of fish pond!” Liu Bo said. Each fish pond has 40 cubic meters of water, and can raise 3,000 California bass, with an output of 1,500 kilograms. And these 40 “cans” occupy a total area of only 3.5 mu, and the total fish output can reach 70 tons, with an output value of more than 2 million yuan.
As for the tomatoes in the planting area, with the cultivation of Juncao substrate, fish manure fertilizer and microbial agent, the yield per mu can reach 10 tons.
The driving benefits of Juncao technology do not stop there. It is reported that the model of “Juncao Homeland” is easy to replicate. The government and farmers can choose the industry “custom installation package” according to their own positioning and needs. Enterprises can not only export technology, raw materials, feed, seedlings and other production materials, but also Provide loan guarantees for entrepreneurial farmers. “In this way, farmers without capital can also achieve common prosperity with our help and support.” Liu Pingshan said.
“The report of the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China emphasized that science and technology must be the primary productive force, talents are the primary resource, and innovation is the primary driving force. Under the long-term care and promotion of General Secretary Xi Jinping, Juncao technology is under the leadership of the provincial party committee and the provincial government. Under the leadership of Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, and with the long-term support of Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, from Fujian to the whole country and the world, it has provided Chinese wisdom and Chinese solutions for the cause of poverty reduction and sustainable development of the international community.” Lin Zhanxi said, as an agricultural science and technology worker, Next, we will continue to insist on writing the thesis on the land of the motherland, keep our feet on the ground, accelerate the development of Juncao industry into a strategic emerging industry, and continue to work hard for “making Juncao technology a ‘happy grass’ for the benefit of people in developing countries” .
A source: http://fjnews.fjsen.com